File Name: powers and functions of indian president .zip
Separation of powers is a model that divides the government into separate branches, each of which has separate and independent powers. By having multiple branches of government , this system helps to ensure that no one branch is more powerful than another. Typically, this system divides the government into three branches: the Legislative Branch, the Executive Branch, and the Judicial Branch.
The United States federal government and forty states divide their governments into these three branches. Congress, in addition to other enumerated responsibilities, is responsible for creating laws. As a general rule, the nondelegation doctrine prohibits the Legislative Branch from delegating its lawmaking responsibilities. The President approves and carries out the laws created by the Legislative Branch. The Judicial Branch interprets the laws passed by the Legislative Branch.
The Checks and Balances system provides each branch of government with individual powers to check the other branches and prevent any one branch from becoming too powerful. For example, Congress has the power to create laws, the President has the power to veto them, and the Supreme Court may declare laws unconstitutional. The Checks and Balances System also provides the branches with some power to appoint or remove members from the other branches.
Congress can impeach and convict the president for high crimes, like treason or bribery. The House of Representatives has the power to bring impeachment charges against the President; the Senate has the power to convict and remove the President from office. In addition, Supreme Court candidates are appointed by the President and are confirmed by the Senate. Judges can be removed from office by impeachment in the House of Representatives and conviction in the Senate.
In this way, the system provides a measure, in addition to invalidating laws, for each branch to check the others.
He discusses the Position and the Powers provided to the President by the Constitution. India has a Parliamentary form of Government which is based on the British system therefore, there are two Houses of Parliament in India and the President which together comprise of the Parliament. In India, the President has the same position as the Queen or King of England enjoys and therefore he is the nominal or titular Head of the State. As the Head of the State, he enjoys a wide variety of powers and thus the Constitution of India also provides many provisions about the position of the President of India. Article 52 of the Indian Constitution provides that there shall be a President of India.
The President is elected by members of an electoral college consisting of elected members of both Houses of Parliament and Legislative Assemblies of the states in accordance with the system of proportional representation, by means of single transferable vote. To secure uniformity among state inter se, as well as parity between the states as a whole, and the Union, suitable weightage is given to each vote. The President must be a citizen of India, not less than 35 years of age, and qualified for election as member of the Lok Sabha. His term of office is five years, and he is eligible for re-election. His removal from office is to be in accordance with procedure prescribed in Article 61 of the Constitution. He may, by writing under his hand addressed to the Vice-President, resign his office.
There is no special process for the election of the Prime Minister in the Constitution of India. Article 75 only says that India shall have a Prime Minister whose appointment shall be made by the President. The Prime Minister is the leader of the Council of Ministers. The President is the only nominal ruler while the real executive powers are envisaged in the Prime Minister. The main functions of Prime Minister related to the Council of Ministers are as follows:.
The president is indirectly elected by an electoral college comprising the Parliament of India both houses and the legislative assemblies of each of India's states and territories , who themselves are all directly elected. Although Article 53 of the Constitution of India states that the president can exercise his powers directly or by subordinate authority, with few exceptions, all of the executive powers vested in the president are, in practice, exercised by the prime minister a subordinate authority with the help of the Council of Ministers. India achieved independence from the British on 15 August , initially as a dominion within the Commonwealth of Nations with George VI as king, represented in the country by a governor-general.
The President of India is the executive head of India. He is the supreme command of the defence forces of India and the ceremonial head of the country and also called the first citizen of India. The President is elected indirectly by Electoral College in both houses of Parliament and the legislative assembly of each State and territory of India, who themselves are directly chosen by the people of India.
Клушар задумался, польщенный оказанным вниманием. - Если честно… - Он вытянул шею и подвигал головой влево и вправо. - Мне не помешала бы еще одна подушка, если вас это не затруднит. - Нисколько.
Все были в растерянности. - Ключ… - Ее передернуло. - Коммандер Стратмор отправил кого-то в Испанию с заданием найти ключ. - И что? - воскликнул Джабба. - Человек Стратмора его нашел.
Сегодня утром я послал за ним машину. Он сказал, что позвонит тебе перед вылетом. Прости, я думал… - Зачем вы послали его в Испанию. Стратмор выдержал паузу и посмотрел ей прямо в. - Чтобы он получил второй ключ.
Этот враждебный мир заполняли рабочие мостки, фреоновые трубки и пропасть глубиной 136 футов, на дне которой располагались генераторы питания ТРАНСТЕКСТА… Чатрукьяну страшно не хотелось погружаться в этот мир, да и вставать на пути Стратмора было далеко не безопасно, но долг есть долг. Завтра они скажут мне спасибо, - подумал он, так и не решив, правильно ли поступает. Набрав полные легкие воздуха, Чатрукьян открыл металлический шкафчик старшего сотрудника лаборатории систем безопасности. На полке с компьютерными деталями, спрятанными за накопителем носителей информации, лежала кружка выпускника Стэнфордского университета и тестер. Не коснувшись краев, он вытащил из нее ключ Медеко.
Беккер поднялся над безжизненным телом девушки. Шаги приближались. Он услышал дыхание. Щелчок взведенного курка. - Adids, - прошептал человек и бросился на него подобно пантере. Раздался выстрел, мелькнуло что-то красное. Но это была не кровь.
Сквозь отверстие в двери она увидела стол. Он все еще катился по инерции и вскоре исчез в темноте.
The primary duty of the President is to preserve, protect and defend the constitution and the law of India as made part of his oath (Article 60 of Indian constitution).Gilberta Z. 29.05.2021 at 13:03
Separation of powers is a model that divides the government into separate branches, each of which has separate and independent powers.Lewis M. 29.05.2021 at 15:09
The President shall be elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of — a the elected members of both Houses of Parliament; and b the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States.Caitlin G. 03.06.2021 at 14:56
One of the most important questions which engaged the attention of the framers of the Constitution was the nature of the Executive and its relation with the Legislature.