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Organizational development is an often-heard term and a key organizational function. In this complete guide, we will take a closer look at a concept that many have heard of but are unfamiliar with. We will dive into what organizational development is, its goals, examples of common organizational development interventions and techniques, and the OD process. By the end of this guide, you will have a good understanding of what OD is, and the techniques that can be used to improve organizational effectiveness. Table of contents What is organizational development? Organizational development is a critical and science-based process that helps organizations build their capacity to change and achieve greater effectiveness by developing, improving, and reinforcing strategies, structures, and processes.
Action Research is a useful method for facilitating organizational change by collaborating and involving the client in the entire process of diagnostic, problem identification, experiential learning, and problem-solving process. The entire process of action research is action oriented with the objective of making the change happen successfully. The process equally involves experimentation with the various frameworks in practical situation and application of various theories in various contexts which require change. The Model takes into account all the problems in a holistic manner, and it is equally ensured that the problems are addressed proactively with effective solutions. Fosters a deeper understanding related to the organizational functioning and the challenges; provides best alternatives or strategic solutions for handling a problem at hand or various organizational issues.
Organizational Development OD is a field of research, theory, and practice dedicated to expanding the knowledge and effectiveness of people to accomplish more successful organizational change and performance. OD is a process of continuous diagnosis, action planning, implementation and evaluation, with the goal of transferring knowledge and skills to organizations to improve their capacity for solving problems and managing future change. OD emerged out of human relations studies from the s where psychologists realized that organizational structures and processes influence worker behavior and motivation. Lewin's work in the s and s also helped show that feedback was a valuable tool in addressing social processes. More recently, work on OD has expanded to focus on aligning organizations with their rapidly changing and complex environments through organizational learning, knowledge management and transformation of organizational norms and values. The subjective features assumptions, values and norms reflect members' unconscious thoughts and interpretations of their organizations.
This article presents several studies that examine organizational change. The authors note that certain issues should be addressed when examining the studies including an examination of the multiple contexts and levels of analysis in studying organizational change, the inclusion of time, history, process and action, the link between change processes and organizational performance, the investigation of international and cross-cultural comparisons, the study of receptivity, customization, sequenicng, pace and episodic versus continusous change and the partnership between scholars and practicioners in studying change. The author discuss how these issues are related to the concepts in the studies and note they research has not addressed these issues at this point in time. Learn About the New eReader. Downloaded 73 times in the past 12 months. Published online 30 November Published in print 1 August
Organization development OD is the study and implementation of practices, systems, and techniques that affect organizational change. The organizational changes are typically initiated by the groups stakeholders. OD emerged from human relations studies in the s, during which psychologists realized that organizational structures and processes influence worker behavior and motivation.
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