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Meaning And Definition Of Intelligence Pdf

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These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'intelligence. Send us feedback. Middle English, from Middle French, from Latin intelligentia , from intelligent-, intelligens intelligent.

This chapter reviews major theories of intelligence. The theories are grouped into four major theory types: 1 psychometric theories; 2 cognitive theories; 3 cognitive-contextual theories; and 4 biological theories. Psychometric theories derive from studying individual differences in test performance on cognitive tests. Questions about the structure of human intelligence, including the importance of general intelligence, have dominated the psychometric theories. Cognitive theories derive from studying the processes involved in intelligent performance.

intelligence

There is no agreed-upon definition of the concept of intelligence neither in psychology nor in philosophy. Contributors to the symposium were asked to address two issues: 1. Fourteen experts gave their views on the nature of intelligence, with such definitions as the following: — the power of good responses from the point of view of truth or facts Thorndike — the ability to carry on abstract thinking Terman — having learned or ability to learn to adjust oneself to the environment Colvin — the capacity for knowledge Henmon ; the capacity to acquire capacity Woodrow — and half a dozen more.

They sought to update the symposium. They solicited two dozen brief essays by experts in the field of intelligence, who were asked to respond to the very same questions that were posed to the experts in the symposium.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF. Skip to main content. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available. Advertisement Hide. The Concept of Intelligence in Psychology and Philosophy. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Anderson, M. Intelligence and development. A cognitive theory. Oxford: Blackwell. Google Scholar. Bennett, J. Analysis without noise. Bogdan ed. Philosophical essays on common sense psychology p. Block, N. Psychologism and behaviorism. Philosophical Review 90 , 5— CrossRef Google Scholar. Churchland, P. Sejnowksi The computational brain.

Copeland, J. Artificial intelligence. A philosophical introduction. Deese, J. Human abilities versus intelligence. Intelligence 17 , — Dennett, D. Philosophical essays on mind and psychology. Hassocks, Essex: Harvester Press.

Elbow room. The varieties of free will worth wanting. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Eysenck, H. Intelligence 12 , 1—16, esp. Gardner, H. Frames of mind: The theory of multiple intelligences. New York: Basic Books. Gregory, R. Mind in science. A history of explanations in psychology and physics. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. Griffin, R. Animal thinking. Hofstadter, D. Waking up from the Boolean dream, or, subcognition as computation. Hofstadter ed. Inwagen, v. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

James, W. The principles of psychology. Kline, P. The psychometric view. London: Routledge. Macphail, E. The comparative psychology of intelligence. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 , — Minsky, M. The society of mind. London: Heinemann.

Moravec, H. Mind children. The future of robots and human intelligence. Pylyshyn, Z. Complexity and the study of artificial and human intelligence. Haugeland ed. Philosophy psychology, artificial intelligence pp. Montgomery, VT: Bradford Books. Ryle, G. The concept of mind. London: Hutchinson. Schull, J. Are species intelligent? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 , 63— Sternberg, D. Detterman eds. What is intelligence? Contemporary viewpoints on its nature and definition.

Norwood, NJ: Ablex. Sternberg, R. Metaphors of mind. Conceptions of the nature of intelligence. Wells, M. Octopus: Physiology and behavior of an advanced invertebrate. London: Chapman and Hall. Personalised recommendations. Cite chapter How to cite? ENW EndNote. Buy options.

The Concept of Intelligence in Psychology and Philosophy

While intelligence is one of the most talked about subjects in psychology , there is no standard definition of what exactly constitutes intelligence. Some researchers have suggested that intelligence is a single, general ability. Others believe that intelligence encompasses a range of aptitudes, skills, and talents. Intelligence has been a controversial topic throughout psychology's history. Despite the substantial interest in the subject, there is still considerable disagreement about what components makeup intelligence.

Human intelligence

There is no agreed-upon definition of the concept of intelligence neither in psychology nor in philosophy. Contributors to the symposium were asked to address two issues: 1. Fourteen experts gave their views on the nature of intelligence, with such definitions as the following: — the power of good responses from the point of view of truth or facts Thorndike — the ability to carry on abstract thinking Terman — having learned or ability to learn to adjust oneself to the environment Colvin — the capacity for knowledge Henmon ; the capacity to acquire capacity Woodrow — and half a dozen more. They sought to update the symposium.

Much of the excitement among investigators in the field of intelligence derives from their attempts to determine exactly what intelligence is. Different investigators have emphasized different aspects of intelligence in their definitions. Thorndike differed over the definition of intelligence, Terman stressing the ability to think abstractly and Thorndike emphasizing learning and the ability to give good responses to questions. More recently, however, psychologists have generally agreed that adaptation to the environment is the key to understanding both what intelligence is and what it does.

This chapter reviews major theories of intelligence. The theories are grouped into four major theory types: 1 psychometric theories; 2 cognitive theories; 3 cognitive-contextual theories; and 4 biological theories. Psychometric theories derive from studying individual differences in test performance on cognitive tests. Questions about the structure of human intelligence, including the importance of general intelligence, have dominated the psychometric theories.

It might seem useless to define such a simple word. After all, we have all heard this word hundreds of times and probably have a general understanding of its meaning. However, the concept of intelligence has been a widely debated topic among members of the psychology community for decades.

Theories of Intelligence

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