File Name: environmental problems and solutions in nigeria .zip
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. The goals for a transition toward sustainability, as we set them out in Chapter 1, are to meet human needs over the next two generations while reducing hunger and poverty and preserving our environmental life support systems. The activities to approach this goal can only move ahead within the constraints set by resources and the environment. In this chapter, we therefore ask two related questions:. Rather, it is to highlight some of the most serious environmental obstacles that might be met in plausible efforts to reach the goals outlined in Chapter 1 and along development paths such as those explored in Chapters 2 and 3, to take timely steps to avoid or circumvent these obstacles. This chapter begins with a brief discussion of the approaches and issues we considered in scouting the environmental hazards that societies may confront.
African environmental issues are caused by anthropogenic effects on the African natural environment and have major impacts on humans and nearly all forms of endemic life. Issues include desertification , problems with access to safe water supply , population explosion and fauna depletion. These issues are ultimately linked to over-population in Africa, as well as on a global scale. Nearly all of Africa's environmental problems are geographically variable and human induced, though not necessarily by Africans. The large scale felling of trees and the resulting decreases in forest areas are the main environmental issues of the African Continent.
Environmental protection is a topical and controversial issue of contemporary Third World development. As a result of the growing crisis of environment and development as well as issues of global environmental balance, divergent views and proposals have been put forward by external governments, international agencies, and environmental groups in resolving the environmental degradation problems of the developing world. However, very little appraisal has been made of the efforts by indigenous Third World governments in facing up to their environmental conservation issues. This article examines the role of past and recent government environmental control policies and programs in Nigeria. The article analyzes three aspects of environmental protection: 1 the theoretical economic bases of environmental protection and the Nigerian approach to environmental protection, including traditional values and modern institutional control measures, the latter embracing nature conservation efforts; 2 environmental considerations in national development plans; and 3 the evolution of a federal environmental protection agency and a national policy on environment.
Water resources in the future: problems and solutions. The present water crisis has many components of an environmental, economic and social origin: overuses of water, pollution, changes in availability, and water mismanagement are some of the current problems. To cope with these problems and enhance strategies for long term management, the following programs and approaches are presented: a A watershed approach, integrating research, monitoring, data base and management; b An improved water governance system based on participation of stakeholders and the public and private sector; c Strategic studies considering water and the economy, water and metropolitan regions, water and energy; d A framework for international cooperation on shared watersheds; e An economic evaluation of water resources services surface and underground, lakes, rivers and reservoirs. Introduction: the main causes of the water "crisis". According to some specialists, the water crisis in the 21st century is much more related to management than to a real crisis of scarcity and stress Rogers et al. Nevertheless, according to other specialists, it is the result of a set of environmental problems aggravated by economic and social development problems Gleick, According to these authors, a consolidated data base transformed into a management tool can be one of the most effective forms of confronting the problem of water scarcity, water stress and deteriorating quality.
Current environmental issues in Nigeria are closely connected with the population growth. Like any other country, it uses resources to provide residents with good living conditions. However, regular consumption tends to lead to pollution and destruction of the environment. What are the main environmental problems in Nigeria?
You might remember the Exxon Valdez spill in Alaska in If not, this was one of the worst oil spills in history. In the Niger Delta there has been an Exxon Valdez spill every year for 50 years.
Nigeria, located in West Africa, has a total land area of , square kilometres. Presently, its estimated population is over million people World Bank Population figures yielding an average density of more thanpersons per square kilometres. During the pre-colonial period, Nigeria featured considerable craft industry as modern factory activity was then not known.
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