File Name: advantages and disadvantages of presidential system .zip
The struggle for sustaining democracy has lead emerging democracies, and also democratic countries, to practice different ways of managing democracy. What kind of institutions is the best way to manage democracy still has no a clear answer and debatable.
Managing Editor: Ana Harvey. In the end, the Convention delegates settled for a stronger, rather than a weaker chief executive with the powers of commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and with the power to declare war. The president would be elected by an electoral college, and serve a four-year term with no limits on the right to seek re-election. The president could only be removed by way of impeachment. Today, almost all countries which are not monarchies parliamentary monarchy ; monarchical constitutions , have presidents as their heads of state. This does not mean that they operate under a presidential system of government.
This is because the executive branch is dependent upon the direct or indirect support of the legislative branch and often includes members of the legislature. Thus, this would amount to the executive as the majority party or coalition of parties in the legislature possessing more votes in order to pass legislation. In a presidential system , the executive is often chosen independently from the legislature. If the executive and legislature in such a system include members entirely or predominantly from different political parties , then stalemate can occur. It could be said then that the will of the people is more easily instituted within a parliamentary system. In addition to quicken legislative action, Parliamentarianism has attractive features for nations that are ethnically , racially , or ideologically divided. In a uni-personal presidential system , all executive power is concentrated in the president.
One major advantage of the presidential system of government is that the President has a free hand in appointing his ministers and other government appointees.
Two-party system , political system in which the electorate gives its votes largely to only two major parties and in which one or the other party can win a majority in the legislature. The United States is the classic example of a nation with a two-party system. The contrasts between two-party and multiparty systems are often exaggerated.
The federal design of our Constitution has had a profound effect on U. Several positive and negative attributes of federalism have manifested themselves in the U. Among the merits of federalism are that it promotes policy innovation and political participation and accommodates diversity of opinion. What Brandeis meant was that states could harness their constitutional authority to engage in policy innovations that might eventually be diffused to other states and at the national level.
No doubt that Presidential form of Government has many advantages and greater stability and sanity in the politics of a country. However, it has the following drawbacks Latest Updates. Classroom Super 50 batch starting on 15th July. What is the comparative advantage and disadvantage of the presidential and parliamentary form of government?