File Name: merits and demerits of direct and indirect taxes .zip
Updated on Jan 05, - PM. Tax is a mandatory fee imposed upon individuals or corporations by the Central and the State Government to help build the economy of a country by meeting various public expenses. Taxes are broadly divided into two categories- Direct and Indirect taxes.
Direct taxes refer to the type of tax which is directly imposed on a person. A direct tax has to be paid by the person on whom the tax was legally imposed on in the first place. In other words, unlike indirect taxes, the burden of a direct tax cannot be shifted to someone else. Like any other type of tax, direct taxes have their own advantages and disadvantages.
All taxes paid directly to state authorities by the taxpayer are direct taxes, income tax, wealth tax, corporation taxes are the examples of direct taxes. Sales tax, Value added tax, excise duties are examples of indirect taxes. The burdens of these taxes are passed on by the supplier to the final buyer. Mode of collection is indirect form the tax payer, and rightly called indirect taxes. Indirect taxes are easy to implement as these are not related directly to the taxpayer income and depends on levied if the purchase or that particular transaction take place for which tax will due. Tax payer feels comfortable to pay tax on individual transaction.
Service tax is a tax levied by the government on service providers on certain service transactions, but is actually borne by the customers. It is categorized under Indirect Tax and came into existence under the Finance Act, Description: In this case, the service provider pays the tax and recovers it from the customer. Service Tax was earlier levied on a specified list of services, but in th. Direct tax is a type of tax where the incidence and impact of taxation fall on the same entity. These are largely taxes on income or wealth. Income tax, corporation tax, property tax, inheritance tax and gift tax are examples of direct tax.
In this article we will discuss the merits and demerits of direct and indirect taxes on an economy. Taxes may be classified as direct and indirect. Thus, direct taxes are paid directly by the person or firm on whom the assessment is made, while indirect taxes are paid indirectly by consumers in the form of higher prices. Direct taxes cannot be legally evaded but in direct taxes can be avoided because people can reduce their purchases of the taxed goods and services. Direct taxes are mainly collected by the central government. Consider, for example, the PAYE system which is used to collect income tax from most wage and salary earners. If the government is fighting inflation it can impose, for example, high levels of income tax to restrict consumer demand.
Direct taxes are levied on a person's or a firm's income or wealth and indirect taxes on spending on goods and services. Thus, direct taxes are paid directly by the.
An indirect tax is one in which the burden can be shifted to others. The tax payer is not the tax bearer. The impact and incidence of indirect taxes are on different persons. An indirect tax is levied on and collected from a person who manages to pass it on to some other person or persons on whom the real burden of tax falls.
An indirect tax is charged on producers of goods and services and is paid by the consumer indirectly.
Skip to main content Skip to navigation. You want to export your goods. Do you want to keep matters in your own hands, or do you employ agents or distributors? Whether the best choice for you is direct or indirect export depends on your situation, your product, and the demands posed by the foreign market. Consider the pros and cons of both options. Indirect export means you appoint third parties, like agents or distributors, to represent your company and your products abroad.
This study note looks at the relative advantages and disadvantages of direct and indirect taxation. The tax liability cannot be passed onto someone else. Indirect taxes — include VAT and excise duties. The supplier can pass on the burden of an indirect tax to the final consumer — depending on the price elasticity of demand and supply for the product. The overall burden of taxes in a country is measured by the tax burden - this is total tax revenues each year divided by the level of GDP. There are big differences in the tax burdens across economies - some of these are summarised in the table above.
Let us make an in-depth study of the merits and demerits of direct taxes. A direct tax is equitable in the sense that it is levied according to the taxable As the direct taxes have these defects, in a good tax system there should be indirect taxes, too. Share Your Knowledge Share Your Word File Share Your PDF File Share.
И его ничто не омрачало. Их отношения развивались медленно и романтично: встречи украдкой, если позволяли дела, долгие прогулки по университетскому городку, чашечка капуччино у Мерлутти поздно вечером, иногда лекции и концерты. Сьюзан вдруг поняла, что стала смеяться гораздо чаще, чем раньше. Казалось, не было на свете ничего, что Дэвид не мог бы обратить в шутку. Это было радостное избавление от вечного напряжения, связанного с ее служебным положением в АНБ.