File Name: cattell theory of fluid and crystallized intelligence .zip
Judy K. Plemons, MS, Sherry L.
The theory of fluid and crystallized intelligence proposes that there are two distinct kinds of intelligence. Fluid intelligence refers to the ability to reason and solve problems in unique and novel situations, while crystallized intelligence refers to the ability to use knowledge acquired through past learning or experience.
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This chapter reviews major theories of intelligence. The theories are grouped into four major theory types: 1 psychometric theories; 2 cognitive theories; 3 cognitive-contextual theories; and 4 biological theories. Psychometric theories derive from studying individual differences in test performance on cognitive tests. Questions about the structure of human intelligence, including the importance of general intelligence, have dominated the psychometric theories. Cognitive theories derive from studying the processes involved in intelligent performance. These processes range from the very simple e. Different theorists have focused on different processes or aspects of these processes, such as processing speed.
When you think about intelligence , what sort of things comes to mind? Intelligence is more than simply the accumulation of facts. It also encompasses the ability to learn new things. Psychologists have different definitions that they use to identify the various ways that we gain and use information. When you think of intelligence, you might think of having a lot of knowledge about different subjects. But you also might consider quick thinking and the ability to reason. Such factors represent what psychologists refer to as fluid intelligence and crystallized intelligence.
PDF | Raymond B. Cattell is credited with the development of the theory of fluid and crystallized intelligence. The genesis of this theory is.
The Cattell—Horn—Carroll theory commonly abbreviated to CHC , is a psychological theory on the structure of human cognitive abilities. Based on the work of three psychologists, Raymond B. Cattell , John L. Horn and John B.
Raymond B. Cattell is credited with the development of the theory of fluid and crystallized intelligence. The genesis of this theory is, however, vague. Cattell, in different papers, stated that it was developed in , or
The Measurement of Intelligence pp Cite as.
Aging and Cognitive Processes pp Cite as. The principal purpose of this chapter is to lay out some of the major results and conclusions of a series of studies conducted by this investigator and his coworkers principally Donaldson, Engstrom, and Mason over the last few years. To comprehend these results and conclusions it is necessary to have some appreciation of the theory and assumptions on which the research has been based. These ideas are not major themes in the research and theory of mainstream cognitive developmental psychology.
Our capacity to learn the novel and recall the past is called general intelligence Cattell, It is a construct of psychometric investigations of human intelligence and our cognitive abilities. General intelligence encapsulates correlations among various cognitive tasks which can be categorized into two subdivisions Cattell,
Carroll, Cattell-Horn Carroll's theory is regarded as an important theory in the study of Cattell and Horn's Gf-Gc model of fluid and crystallized intelligence and.