File Name: thermal energy storage systems and applications by ibrahim dincer marc a rosen .zip
Show all documents Enhancement of Thermal Energy Storage System By Using Nanofluids Al A lot of research has been going on the thermal energy storage such as sensible heat and latent heat. Of this latent heat storage systems have more advantageous so the materials containing latent heat principle was used for the heat energy storage applications. Thermal energy storage system was used to store the heat in the PCM for the charging process.
By Ibrahim Dincer and Marc A. Exergy analysis is a method that uses the conservation of mass and conservation of energy principles together with the second law of thermodynamics for the analysis, design and improvement of energy and other systems. The exergy method is a useful tool for furthering the goal of more efficient energy-resource use, for it enables the locations, types and magnitudes of wastes and losses to be identified and meaningful efficiencies to be determined.
During the past two decades we have witnessed revolutionary changes in the way thermodynamics is taught, researched and practiced. The methods of exergy analysis, entropy generation minimization and thermoeconomics are the most visible and established forms of this change.
Today there is a much stronger emphasis on exergy aspects of systems and processes. The emphasis is now on system analysis and thermodynamic optimization, not only in the mainstream of engineering but also in physics, biology, economics and management. As a result of these recent changes and advances, exergy has gone beyond thermodynamics and become a new distinct discipline because of its interdisciplinary character as the confluence of energy, environment and sustainable development.
This book is a research-oriented textbook and therefore includes practical features in a usable format often not included in other, solely academic textbooks.
This book is essentially intended for use by advanced undergraduate or graduate students in several engineering and non-engineering disciplines and as an essential tool for practitioners. Theory and analysis are emphasized throughout this comprehensive book, reflecting new techniques, models and applications, together with complementary materials and recent information.
Coverage of the material is extensive, and the amount of information and data presented is sufficient for exergy-related courses or as a supplement for energy, environment and sustainable development courses, if studied in detail. We believe that this book will be of interest to students and practitioners, as well as individuals and institutions, who are interested in exergy and its applications to various systems in diverse areas.
This volume is also a valuable and readable reference for anyone who wishes to learn about exergy. The introductory chapter addresses general concepts, fundamental principles and basic aspects of thermodynamics, energy, entropy and exergy. These topics are covered in a broad manner, so as to furnish the reader with the background information necessary for subsequent chapters. Chapter 2 provides detailed information on energy and exergy and contrasts analysis approaches based on each.
In Chapter 3, extensive coverage is provided of environmental concerns, the impact of energy use on the environment and linkages between exergy and the environment.
Throughout this chapter, emphasis is placed on the role of exergy in moving to sustainable development. Chapter 4 delves into the use of exergy techniques by industry for various systems and processes and in activities such as design and optimization.
This chapter lays the foundation for the many applications presented in Chapters 5 to 16, which represent the heart of the book. The applications covered range from policy development Chapter 5 , psychrometric processes Chapter 6 , heat pumps Chapter 7 , drying Chapter 8 , thermal storage Chapter 9 , renewable energy systems Chapter 10 , power plants Chapter 11 , cogeneration and district energy Chapter 12 , cryogenic systems Chapter 13 , crude oil distillation Chapter 14 , fuel cells Chapter 15 and aircraft systems Chapter Chapter 17 covers the relation between exergy and economics, and the exploitation of that link through analysis tools such as exergoeconomics.
Chapter 18 extends exergy applications to large-scale systems such as countries, regions and sectors of an economy, focusing on how efficiently energy resources are utilized in societies.
Chapter 19 focuses the utilization of exergy within life cycle assessment and presents various applications. Chapter 20 discusses how exergy complements and can be used with industrial ecology. The book closes by speculating on the potential of exergy in the future in Chapter Incorporated throughout are many illustrative examples and case studies, which provide the reader with a substantial learning experience, especially in areas of practical application.
The appendices contain unit conversion factors and tables and charts of thermophysical properties of various materials in the International System of units SI. Complete references are included to point the truly curious reader in the right direction. Information on topics not covered fully in the text can, therefore, be easily found.
We hope this volume allows exergy methods to be more widely applied and the benefits of such efforts more broadly derived, so that energy use can be made more efficient, clean and sustainable.
We gratefully acknowledge the assistance provided by Dr. Some of the material presented in the book derives from research that we have carried out with distinguished individuals who have been part of our research group or collaborated with us over the years.
We are extremely appreciative of the efforts of these colleagues:. They have been a great source of support and motivation, and their patience and understanding throughout this project have been most appreciated. Renowned for his pioneering works he has authored and co-authored several books and book chapters, over refereed journal and conference papers, and numerous technical reports.
He has chaired many national and international conferences, symposia, workshops and technical meetings and is the founding chair or co-chair of various prestigious international conferences, including the International Exergy, Energy and Environment Symposium. He has delivered over 70 keynote and invited lectures. He is an active member of various international scientific organizations and societies, and serves as editor-in-chief for International Journal of Energy Research by Wiley and International Journal of Exergy by Inderscience , associate editor, regional editor and editorial board member on various prestigious international journals.
He has made innovative contributions to the understanding and development of exergy analysis of advanced energy systems for his so-called: five main pillars as better efficiency, better cost effectiveness, better environment, better sustainability and better energy security.
Marc A. Rosen is a registered Professional Engineer in Ontario. Smith medal for achievement in the development of Canada. During his tenure at Ryerson, Dr. With over 50 research grants and contracts and technical publications, Dr. Rosen is an active teacher and researcher in thermodynamics and energy conversion e. He has been a key contributor to and proponent of advanced exergy methods and applications for over two decades.
Thermodynamics plays a key role in the analysis of processes, systems, and devices in which energy transfers and energy transformations occur. Energy, entropy, and exergy concepts stem from thermodynamics and are applicable to all fields of science and engineering. This chapter focuses on the portion of the field of thermodynamics at the intersection of the energy, entropy, and exergy fields.
It provides the necessary background for understanding these concepts, as well as basic principles, general definitions, and practical applications and implications. Illustrative examples are shown to highlight the important aspects of energy, entropy, and exergy. Energy management opportunities often exist to improve the effectiveness and efficiency with which energy is used. Most thermodynamic systems possess energy, entropy, and exergy, and thus appear at the intersection of these three fields.
The basic phenomena like order and disorder as well as reversibility and irreversibility are also discussed. During the past several decades, exergy-related studies have received increasing attention from various disciplines ranging from mechanical and chemical engineering to environmental engineering and ecology. As a consequence, the international exergy community has expanded significantly in recent years. Energy, entropy and exergy concepts stem from thermodynamics and are applicable to all fields of science and engineering.
This chapter provides the necessary background for understanding these concepts, as well as basic principles, general definitions and practical applications and implications. Illustrative examples are provided to highlight the important aspects of energy, entropy and exergy. The scope of this chapter is partly illustrated in Fig. This chapter focuses on the portion of the field of thermodynamics at the intersection of the energy, entropy and exergy fields.
Note that entropy and exergy are also used in other fields such as statistics and information theory , and therefore they are not subsets of energy. Also, some forms of energy such as shaft work are entropy-free, and thus entropy subtends only part of the energy field.
Likewise, exergy subtends only part of the energy field since some systems such as air at atmospheric conditions possess energy but no exergy. Most thermodynamic systems such as steam in a power plant possess energy, entropy and exergy, and thus appear at the intersection of these three fields.
Energy comes in many forms. Thermodynamics plays a key role in the analysis of processes, systems and devices in which energy transfers and energy transformations occur. The implications of thermodynamics are far-reaching and applications span the range of the human enterprise.
The industrial revolution was fueled by the discovery of how to exploit energy in a large scale and how to convert heat into work. Nature allows the conversion of work completely into heat, but heat cannot be entirely converted into work, and doing so requires a device e. Engines attempt to optimize the conversion of heat to work. Most of our daily activities involve energy transfer and energy change.
The human body is a familiar example of a biological system in which the chemical energy of food or body fat is transformed into other forms of energy such as heat and work. Engineering applications of energy processes are wide ranging and include power plants to generate electricity, engines to run automobiles and aircraft, refrigeration and air-conditioning systems, etc. Many examples of such systems are discussed here. In a hydroelectric power system, the potential energy of water is converted into mechanical energy through the use of a hydraulic turbine.
The mechanical energy is then converted into electric energy by an electric generator coupled to the shaft of the turbine. In a steam power generating plant, chemical or nuclear energy is converted into thermal energy in a boiler or a reactor.
The energy is imparted to water, which vaporizes into steam. The energy of the steam is used to drive a steam turbine, and the resulting mechanical energy is used to drive a generator to produce electric power.
The steam leaving the turbine is then condensed, and the condensate is pumped back to the boiler to complete the cycle. Breeder reactors use uranium as a fuel source and can produce some more fuel in the process.
A solar power plant uses solar concentrators parabolic or flat mirrors to heat a working fluid in a receiver located on a tower, where a heated fluid expands in a turbogenerator as in a conventional power plant.
In a spark-ignition internal combustion engine, chemical energy of fuel is converted into mechanical work. An air—fuel mixture is compressed and combustion is initiated by a spark device. The expansion of the combustion gases pushes against a piston, which results in the rotation of a crankshaft. Gas turbine engines, commonly used for aircraft propulsion, convert the chemical energy of fuel into thermal energy that is used to run a gas turbine. The turbine is directly coupled to a compressor that supplies the air required for combustion.
The exhaust gases, on expanding in a nozzle, create thrust. For power generation, the turbine is coupled to an electric generator and drives both the compressor and the generator. In a liquid-fuel rocket, a fuel and an oxidizer are combined, and combustion gases expand in a nozzle creating a propulsive force thrust to propel the rocket.
A typical nuclear rocket propulsion engine offers a higher specific impulse when compared to chemical rockets. A fuel cell converts chemical energy into electric energy directly making use of an ion-exchange membrane.
When a fuel such as hydrogen is ionized, it flows from the anode through the membrane toward the cathode. The released electrons at the anode flow through an external load.
In a magnetohydrodynamic generator, electricity is produced by moving a high-temperature plasma through a magnetic field. A refrigeration system utilizes work supplied by an electric motor to transfer heat from a refrigerated space.
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Green Energy pp Cite as. Exergy analysis is a thermodynamic analysis technique based primarily on the Second Law of Thermodynamics. As an alternative to energy analysis, exergy analysis provides an illuminating means of assessing and comparing processes and systems rationally and meaningfully. Consequently, exergy analysis can assist in improving and optimizing designs. Two key features of exergy analysis are 1 it yields efficiencies which provide a true measure of how nearly actual performance approaches the ideal, and 2 it identifies more clearly than energy analysis the types, causes and locations of thermodynamic losses. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
Thermal Energy Storage: Systems and Applications, Second Edition. Author(s). İbrahim Dinçer · Marc A. Rosen. First published August.
By Ibrahim Dincer and Marc A. Exergy analysis is a method that uses the conservation of mass and conservation of energy principles together with the second law of thermodynamics for the analysis, design and improvement of energy and other systems. The exergy method is a useful tool for furthering the goal of more efficient energy-resource use, for it enables the locations, types and magnitudes of wastes and losses to be identified and meaningful efficiencies to be determined. During the past two decades we have witnessed revolutionary changes in the way thermodynamics is taught, researched and practiced.
In this regard, several key topics ranging from the basics of the thermodynamic concepts to advanced exergy analysis techniques in a wide range of applications are covered as outlined in the contents. Upper-level undergraduate students and graduate students, researchers, scientists and engineers studying or working in mechanical, chemical, energy, environmental, process, and industrial engineering. Preface Acknowledgement Chapter 1. Thermodynamic Fundamentals Chapter 2.
Manuscript received July 26, ; final manuscript received June 15, ; published online September 6, Editor: Gennady Ziskind. Al-Zareer, M.
His research interests include energy and energy conversion management, heat and mass transfer, thermodynamics, drying, refrigeration and thermal energy storage. Prior to this appointment in , he was a professor in the Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Industrial Engineering at Ryerson University in Toronto, Canada for 16 years. With over 40 research grants and contracts and technical publications, Dr. Rosen is an active teacher and researcher in thermodynamics and energy conversion.
In this regard, several key topics ranging from the basics of the thermodynamic concepts to advanced exergy analysis techniques in a wide range of applications are covered as outlined in the contents. Upper-level undergraduate students and graduate students, researchers, scientists and engineers studying or working in mechanical, chemical, energy, environmental, process, and industrial engineering. Preface Acknowledgement Chapter 1.
However, due to an expanding world population, global energy resources are being increasingly strained. Considering this scenario, effective energy management, energy efficiency, and a significant use of renewable energy sources are key strategies for meeting global energy requirements. Energy managers, researchers, scholars, and policy makers need to know all aspects of energy engineering and technology to deal with current energy issues. The Encyclopedia of Energy Engineering and Technology, Second Edition — Four-Volume Set provides cutting-edge scientific and engineering knowledge of the planning, development, operation, and economics of energy systems. Capehart and Lynne C.
Thermal Energy Storage: Systems and Applications, 2nd Edition. Ibrahim Dincer, Marc A. Rosen. ISBN: November
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The ability of thermal energy storage (TES) systems to facilitate energy and heat transfer, this book goes on to discuss practical applications with chapters that.