File Name: practical catalytic hydrogenation techniques and applications .zip
With the accelerating industrialization, urbanization process, and continuously upgrading of consumption structures, the CO2 from combustion of coal, oil, natural gas, and other hydrocarbon fuels is unbelievably increased over the past decade.
For many edible purposes and for some commercial applications it is desirable to produce solid fats. Many shortenings and margarines contain hydrogenated hardened oils as their major ingredients. The development of margarine and shortening products resulted from the invention of a successful method for converting low-melting unsaturated fatty acids and glycerides to higher-melting saturated products. The process consists of the addition of hydrogen in the presence of a catalyst to the double unsaturated bonds.
The hydrogenation of fats and oils and their oleochemical derivatives such as fatty acids, fatty acid esters and fatty nitriles has proven to be a very useful and versatile way to modify these starting materials. This chapter will be limited to discussing exclusively the hydrogenation of carbon-carbon double bonds. Hydrogenation or the addition of hydrogen to the double bonds, allows the processor to modify the properties by removing some of the double bonds. He can do this to a limited but not unimportant extent, selectively. Selectivity is therefore another aspect used in fat modification by hydrogenation. The addition reaction of hydrogen to olefinic double bonds was discovered in the late nineteenth century by the French chemist and Nobel Prize winner Paul Sabatier .
Size effect plays a crucial role in catalytic hydrogenation. The highly dispersed ultrasmall clusters with a limited number of metal atoms are one candidate of the next generation catalysts that bridge the single-atom metal catalysts and metal nanoparticles. However, for the unfavorable electronic property and their interaction with the substrates, they usually exhibit sluggish activity. Taking advantage of the small size, their catalytic property would be mediated by surface binding species. The combination of metal cluster coordination chemistry brings new opportunity. CO poisoning is notorious for Pt group metal catalysts as the strong adsorption of CO would block the active centers. In this work, we will demonstrate that CO could serve as a promoter for the catalytic hydrogenation when ultrasmall Pd clusters are employed.
Book Review: Practical Catalytic Hydrogenation. Techniques and Applications. By M. Freifelder · Related · Information · Related · Information · Additional links · Log.
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Transition metal-based bimetallic catalysts for the chemoselective hydrogenation of furfuraldehyde. Jorge J. In this work, the liquid-phase chemoselective hydrogenation of furfural was studied, employing Pt, Rh and Ni-based catalysts. Bimetallic systems, containing different amounts of tin, were obtained by means of controlled surface reactions between a monometallic catalyst and Sn C 4 H 9 4. The results obtained when monometallic catalysts were employed suggest a relationship between metal properties and the activity and selectivity obtained.
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