what is biodiversity and why is it important pdf Tuesday, June 1, 2021 7:00:24 PM

What Is Biodiversity And Why Is It Important Pdf

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Biodiversity is the amount of variety of life on Earth. It is the number of different species of plants, animals, and microorganisms.

Biodiversity and human well-being: an essential link for sustainable development

In addition, the richer the diversity of life, the greater the opportunity for medical discoveries, economic development, and adaptive responses to such new challenges as climate change. The variety of life on Earth, its biological diversity is commonly referred to as biodiversity. The number of species of plants, animals, and microorganisms, the enormous diversity of genes in these species, the different ecosystems on the planet, such as deserts, rainforests and coral reefs are all part of a biologically diverse Earth. Appropriate conservation and sustainable development strategies attempt to recognize this as being integral to any approach to preserving biodiversity. Almost all cultures have their roots in our biological diversity in some way or form.

Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. We as a species are rapidly altering the world that provides our evolutionary and ecological context. The consequences of these changes are such that they demand our urgent attention. The large-scale problems of unprecedented population growth and inappropriate development are degrading the land, water, and atmosphere, and progressively extinguishing a broad array of the Earth's organisms and the habitats they inhabit. By downplaying these problems or putting them aside in favor of what seem to be more imperative personal, group, or national priorities, we are courting global disaster.

As society strives to transition towards more sustainable development pathways, it is important to properly conceptualize the link between biodiversity i. Here, we explore how published conceptual frameworks consider the extent to which the biodiversity—HWB links are being integrated into public discourse and scientific research and the implications of our findings for sustainable development. We find that our understanding has gradually evolved from seeing the value of biodiversity as an external commodity that may influence HWB to biodiversity as fundamental to HWB. Analysis of the literature trends indicates increasing engagement with the terms biodiversity , HWB and sustainable development in the public, science and policy spheres, but largely as independent rather than linked terms. We suggest that a consensus framework for sustainable development should include biodiversity explicitly as a suite of internal variables that both influence and are influenced by HWB. Doing so will enhance clarity and help shape coherent research and policy priorities. We further suggest that the absence of this link in development can inadvertently lead to a ratcheting down of biodiversity by otherwise well-meaning policies.

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Citation: Schlaepfer MA On the importance of monitoring and valuing all forms of biodiversity. PLoS Biol 16 11 : e This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Which dimensions of biodiversity do we, as a society, value and wish to protect? In my view, biodiversity is worthy of protection for at least three reasons.

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The Importance of Biodiversity for Development

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3 Comments

Gines G. 02.06.2021 at 17:40

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Anastasie L. 08.06.2021 at 00:47

Biodiversity conservation, the practice of protecting and preserving the wealth and variety of species, habitats, ecosystems, and genetic diversity on the planet, is important for our health, wealth, food, fuel, and services we depend on.

Corinne D. 10.06.2021 at 17:12

Key messages ✽ ✽ Biodiversity is the term used to encompass the variety of all living organisms on earth, including their genetic diversity.

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