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Routledge Handbook Of Religion And Politics Pdf

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This theory provided the main analytical framework for approaching the relationship between religion and modernity in social sciences. However, recent data and events reveal the increased influence of religion in the public arena of societies throughout the world, leading to a rethinking of the secularization paradigm, which has therefore undergone numerous critiques and revisions. A growing number of scholars emphasize that, instead of disappearing, religion has actually intensified its public visibility and continues to be intermingled with almost all major political events around the world.

In religious studies and folkloristics , folk religion , popular religion , or vernacular religion comprises various forms and expressions of religion that are distinct from the official doctrines and practices of organized religion. The precise definition of folk religion varies among scholars. Sometimes also termed popular belief , it consists of ethnic or regional religious customs under the umbrella of a religion , but outside official doctrine and practices. The term "folk religion" is generally held to encompass two related but separate subjects.

Folk religion

This theory provided the main analytical framework for approaching the relationship between religion and modernity in social sciences.

However, recent data and events reveal the increased influence of religion in the public arena of societies throughout the world, leading to a rethinking of the secularization paradigm, which has therefore undergone numerous critiques and revisions.

A growing number of scholars emphasize that, instead of disappearing, religion has actually intensified its public visibility and continues to be intermingled with almost all major political events around the world.

However, these tragic events followed by similar ones in Madrid and London , corroborated with prolonged religious-based conflict in several parts of the world, have unambiguously shown that it was time for both scholars and policy-makers to become aware of the insufficiencies of secularist views and approaches.

Additionally, it was time for scholars and policymakers to admit that religion is an essential element for the calculus of war and peace. This essential task has been taken up by Chris Seiple, Dennis R. Hoover and Pauletta Otis, who are among the prominent scholars and practitioners concerned with the nexus between religion and security. Their works — both the individual and collective ones — have greatly contributed to raising awareness both on a public level and among those in decision-making positions regarding the need to consider religion as one of the extremely important factors for national and international security.

Their most recent contribution in the field of security studies involves assuming the role of editors of the first Handbook of Religion and Security whose overall rationale is to provide an up-to-date survey of the interaction between religion and security, with respect to a variety of issues. Seiple, Hoover and Otis have managed to draw together a team of leading scholars and practitioners that have a rich expertise in this field offering an informed, nuanced and balanced assessment of the role of religion in both war and peace.

This balanced approach is one of the most important merits of the handbook. She starts from the observation that no one of the IR theoretical paradigms can fully capture the multiple and complex political manifestations of religion, and suggests possible compatibilities between the realist, liberal, constructivist and critical security theories.

Wellman, Jr. The third section of the handbook includes five case studies which illustrate specific aspects of the religion-security nexus in some of the most conflict torn areas of the world: Nigeria John Campbell , India Ainslie T. Mojzes and Iraq Micheal A. This leads to revisiting those often taken for granted assessments that consider religion as a key ideology lying at the root of the bloodiest conflicts between societal groups. The chapter written by Waxman, for instance, highlights the fact that, from a historical perspective, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is actually a struggle for land, and the role played by religion in it is only secondary.

Similarly, most of these chapters make it clear that, firstly, none of these conflicts can be properly understood without taking religion into consideration and secondly that, although religion may sometimes be part of the problem, it may also be part of the solution.

In India, for instance, Ainslie T. Embree shows that although religious commitments often serve as sources of conflict, they also have the ability to contribute to conflict de-escalation and reconciliation.

The author recalls the example of two religious leaders in Banaras, whose efforts to advance interfaith dialogues in the s, after severe communal riots, contributed to finding the path to communal peace in Banaras.

Such examples could serve as models for all India as well as for other conflictual areas. Moreover, even when religion itself is not part of the problem, it may become so if religious actors are not involved in peace efforts and negotiations, since most radical movements have the ability to instrumentalize religion in order to mobilize support for their otherwise political agendas.

Engaging religious actors in peace negotiations and dialogue would therefore be an important step for the discrediting of such instrumentalization of religion. Religious teachings and practices can also play positive roles in promoting peace and stability. They respond to the acute need of specialized literature that approaches the complex and complicated relation between religion and security in a professional, well-organized and systematic manner.

Overall, the handbook offers readers a broad overview of many of the key aspects of the religion-security nexus, it clarifies many theological themes and concepts encountered in the analyzed world religions that were and could be employed for both peace and war. The handbook also presents a diverse body of historical as well as empirical material, and as such it represents an essential reference source for academics, students of international relations, policy-makers, media professionals and the general reader as well.

Her main research interests include ethics, political theology, religion in international relations, and globalization. Before you download your free e-book, please consider donating to support open access publishing.

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As religion and politics become ever more intertwined, relationships between religion and political parties are of increasing global political.


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However, reading the various contributions is often a profoundly dispiriting experience. There is hardly a single feature of Turkish politics, public policy, inter-ethnic relations, civil—military ties, religious affairs, environmental policy, human rights or the political role of the diaspora in western Europe which does not reveal a sharp retreat from previous behavioural norms. Modern Turkey has always been a conflicted country, its sharp internal cleavages leading to ruptures,

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The Palgrave Handbook of Ethnicity pp Cite as. What is the role of religion in political mobilization? In this chapter, we examine developments in the literature as it considers the role of religion in political mobilization. Broadly speaking we outline two predominant lines of thinking about religion as a driver of political mobilization, the marketplace and theology.

Religion and Political Mobilization

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3 Comments

Morgan C. 05.06.2021 at 18:07

From the United States to the Middle East, Asia and Africa, religion continues to be an important factor in political activity and organisation. The second edit.

Ellie K. 10.06.2021 at 00:08

The second edition of this successful handbook provides the definitive global survey Four main themes addressed include: World religions and politics Religion and Chapter Religion and the 'third wave of democracy' · Download PDF.

Bernabeu S. 10.06.2021 at 14:35

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