File Name: relationship between education and social mobility .zip
One of the main reasons education is valued so highly in modern societies is the role it plays in relation to social mobility and reproduction. This role has long been debated between those who emphasize its contribution to social mobility and those who focus on its contribution to social reproduction.
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One of the main reasons education is valued so highly in modern societies is the role it plays in relation to social mobility and reproduction. This role has long been debated between those who emphasize its contribution to social mobility and those who focus on its contribution to social reproduction. In order to understand this debate, it is useful to review the key concepts and theoretical perspectives before considering the empirical evidence and then offering a resolution. Social stratification refers to institutionalized inequality, that is, to hierarchically structured social positions strata and to the inequality in social rewards received by people who belong to different strata.
There is a very strong relationship between high levels of income inequality and low levels of social mobility. Children of highly paid individuals are more likely to be highly paid and children of low paid individuals are more likely to be low earners. Key research findings include:. Education is often seen as a strong driver of social mobility. Social mobility may be reduced in more unequal countries because educational scores are on average lower in less equal countries and education improves incomes more for those at the bottom of the income spectrum than for those further up. Research has found a correlation between low scores in maths and reading and inequality between countries and between US states  , as well as a link between lower average science, maths and reading scores and inequality  :. Some research has failed to find a straightforward link between how equal a country is and how equally literacy scores are distributed throughout that country .
The idea of social stratification would be introduced, with its key themes of class, caste and gender. Society is not static and social mobility and social change are ongoing processes. Education has played an important role in contributing to, reproducing and also challenging stratification. Social class in its various interpretations ranging from income groups to class as access to means of production has been closely liked to this. The class structure of rural and urban India would be presented along with the role of education in social mobility and the possibility of social change.
The development of education has always been closely linked to ideals of mass democracy. Reformers value education, of course, for its own sake for the opportunity it provides for individuals to develop their abilities and aptitudes. Yet education has also consistently been seen as a means of equalization. Universal education, it has been argued, will help reduce disparities of wealth and power by providing able young people with skills to enable them to find a valued place in society. It is not biologically based. Sociologists are not much concerned with inborn inequalities based on sex, age, bodily strength or quality of mind, but are concerned with inequalities in conditions of existence Beteille, This inequality can be filled in to some extent through the efforts of a society by providing equality of opportunity to all.
Effects of socioeconomic position and social mobility on linear growth from early childhood until adolescence. To assess the effect of socioeconomic position SEP in childhood and social mobility on linear growth through adolescence in a population-based cohort. They were first assessed during - 0 - 5 years and again during - 10 - 17 years , and their height-for-age was evaluated during these two periods. Social mobility was categorized as upward mobility or no upward mobility. Linear mixed models were used. We evaluated 1, children
Education is often seen as a strong driver of social mobility. Social mobility may be reduced in more unequal countries because educational scores are on average lower in less equal countries and education improves incomes more for those at the bottom of the income spectrum than for those further up.
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Nevertheless, social class differences in educational attainment have not significantly reduced. ▻ Education explains part of the relationship between parental.
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