File Name: governor general of india and their work in hindi .zip
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The Court of Directors assigned a Council of Four based in India to assist the Governor General, and decision of council was binding on the Governor General during — Lord William Bentinck was first to be designated as the Governor general of India in After the Indian Rebellion of , the company rule was brought to an end, but the British India along with princely states came under the direct rule of the British Crown. The Government of India Act created the office of Secretary of State for India in to oversee the affairs of India, which was advised by a new Council of India with 15 members based in London.
Daily Practice Quizzes, Attempt Here. Vikash Mishra Mar 14, Saurabh Kr Sanjay Apr 13, RajiV Kumar Apr 21, Surinder Sandhu Kadiana Apr 23, Vandana Bhalavi May 25, Randhir Kumar Jun 26, Durga Choudhary Nov 14, Manisha Natkar Jan 19, Farooq Ahmed Feb 18, Governor-General and Viceroy of India. Arpit Kumar Jain Read in Hindi. Share via. He was called back to India in to ensure British supremacy in the subcontinent against the French. In the Battle of Plassey, the Nawab was defeated by the British despite having a larger force.
Clive was also able to capture some French forts in Bengal. As a result of this battle, the British became the paramount power in the Indian subcontinent. Bengal was richer than Britain at that time. This also opened up other parts of India to the British and finally led to the rise of the British Raj in India.
Vansittart —65 : The Battle of Buxar Cartier —72 : Bengal Famine Auctioned the right to collect land revenue to the highest bidder; Divided Bengal into districts and appointed collectors and other revenue officials.
Lord Wellesley — He adopted the policy of Subsidiary Alliance- a system to keep the Indian rulers under control and to make British the supreme power.
Fort William College at Calcutta. Formation of Madras Presidency in There were four stages in it:- In the first stage, the Company undertook to lend its troops to the friendly Indian prince to assist him in his wars.
The next stage was reached when the Indian ally was not to supply men but money. The company undertook to raise, train and equip an army under English officers and render to the ally a fixed number of troops on receiving a sum of money towards the cost of these troops. The final stage was the next logical step. The Company undertook to defend the territories of an Indian ally and for that purpose stationed a subsidiary force in the territory of the state. The Indian ally was asked not to pay money but surrender territory from the revenue of which the expenses of the subsidiary force were to be met.
The Indian states were to conduct negotiations with other states through the Company. The state had to accept a British Resident at its headquarters. The Alliance enabled the Company to maintain a large standing army at the expense of Indian princes. It disarmed the Indian states and threw British protectorate over them.
Charter Act of was passed. Lord Hastings — Ended the policy of Non-intervention and adopted the policy of intervention and war. Creation of Bombay Presidency in Establishment of Ryotwari System in Madras. Annexation of Mysore Passed the Charter Act of , which provided that no Indian subject of Company was to be debarred from holding an office on account of his religion, place of birth, descent and colour.
On the recommendation of Macaulay Committee made English the medium of higher education in India. Established first Medical College in Calcutta. Governors-General of India —58 Lord William Bentick —35 First Governor-General of India Abolished provincial courts of appeal and circuit set up by Cornwallis, the appointment of Commissioners of revenue and circuit.
Annexed Coorg , Central Cachar on the plea of misgovernment. Lord Ellenborough —44 Brought an end to the Afghan War. Annexation of Sindh War with Gwalior Gave preference to English education in employment.
Formation of Gurkha regiments took place in his reign. Started the first railway line in connecting Bombay with Thana Started an electric telegraph service. Laid the basis of the modern postal system A separate public works department was set up for the first time. Withdrew Doctrine of Lapse. He introduced various reforms and became the member of Punjab Board of Administration after the second Sikh war.
He was known as the Saviour of Punjab. He was the only Viceroy to be murdered in office by a Pathan convict in Andamans in For the first time in Indian history, a census was held in Lord Northbrook —76 Kuka Movement of Punjab took a rebellious turn during his period. Lord Lytton —80 Most infamous Governor-General pursued free trade and abolished duties on 29 British manufactured goods which accelerated drain of the wealth of India Arranged the Grand Darbar in Delhi in when the country was suffering from a severe famine Passed the Royal Title Act and Queen Victoria was declared as the Kaiser-i-Hind Arms Act made mandatory for Indians to acquire a license for arms Passed the infamous Vernacular Press Act Proposed the plan of Statutory Civil Service in and lowered the maximum age limit from 21 to 19 years Lord Ripon —84 Repeal of the Vernacular Press Act, The First Factory Act, to improve labour condition Resolution of Local Self Government in Resolution on Land Revenue Policy Appointed Hunter Commission for education reforms in The Ilbert Bill controversy erupted during his time which enabled Indian district magistrates to try European criminals.
But this was withdrawn later. Establishment of Indian National Congress in Indian Council Act of introduced elections which were indirect.
Convention delimiting the frontier between China and India was ratified. The great famine of — Lyall Commission appointed after famine Set up the Department of Commerce and Industry. Calcutta Corporation Act Partition of Bengal took place in Foundation of the Muslim League, Surat session and split in the Congress Newspapers Act, Morley-Minto Reforms, Transfer of Capital from Calcutta to Delhi Lucknow Pact between Congress and Muslim League The arrival of Gandhi in India Champaran Satyagraha Kheda Satyagraha and Satyagraha at Ahmedabad Government of India Act Repressive Rowlatt Act Jalianwala Bagh Massacre Khilafat Movement — Non-cooperation Movement — Saddler Commission and an Indian Sir S.
Sinha was appointed Governor of Bengal. Suppressed non-cooperation movement. Lord Irwin —31 Simon Commission announced in Butler Commission ; Nehru Report Civil Disobedience Movement Dandi march Gandhi-Irwin Pact Martyrdom of Jatin Das hunger strike. Lord Willingdon —36 2nd Round Table Conference Burma separated from India All India Kisan Sabha Poona Pact was signed between Ambedkar and Gandhi. Lord Linlithgow —43 First General Election — Congress ministries in and Resignation of Congress ministries in Foundation of Forward Block by S.
Bose Lord Wavell — R.
Warren Hastings , born December 6, , Churchill, near Daylesford, Oxfordshire, England—died August 22, , Daylesford , the first and most famous of the British governors-general of India, who dominated Indian affairs from to and was impeached though acquitted on his return to England. The son of a clergyman of the Church of England , Hastings was abandoned by his father at an early age. He was brought up by an uncle, who gave him what was probably the best education then available for a boy of his inclinations, at Westminster School in London. Hastings showed great promise as a schoolboy and seems at Westminster to have acquired the literary and scholarly tastes that were later to give him a serious interest in Indian culture and civilization. He was then taken away from school and granted a writership as the junior appointments in the East India Company were called , and in , at age 17, he sailed for Bengal.
Daily Practice Quizzes, Attempt Here. Vikash Mishra Mar 14, Saurabh Kr Sanjay Apr 13, RajiV Kumar Apr 21, Surinder Sandhu Kadiana Apr 23,
The office of Governor General is the oldest continuous institution in Canada and is an unbroken link with the early days of European settlement in our country. Appointed governor of New France in , Samuel de Champlain was the first of 18 French governors who would hold the position in turn until From then until , a total of 21 British governors and governors general held office in Canada. Until , Governors General were British. The installation of Vincent Massey, the first Canadian to hold the office, reflected Canada's new sense of autonomy and identity in the post-war era and Canadian sense of pride in the Canadian Crown. Since then, the role of the Governor General has evolved. The following are among the responsibilities of Canada's Governor General, all of which are undertaken in the name of The Queen:.
Governor-General of Bengal (): When East India Company came to. India Other Presidencies, Bombay and Madras, had their own Governor. However, after the Through this Act Governor of Bombay and Madras worked under the Governor-. General of Establishment of the Hindu Mahasabha. ().
Acquisition of territories in Malay Penisula; Capture of Bharatpur Lord W. Concluded a treaty of perpetual friendship with Ranjit Singh ; Passed the Charter Act of , which provided that no Indian subject of Company was to be debarred from holding an office on account of his religion, place of birth, descent and colour. On recommendation of Macaulay Committee made English the medium of higher education in India.
In , India was part of the British Empire; but by the end of , India had achieved independence. For most of the Nineteenth Century, India was ruled by the British. India was considered the jewel in the crown of the British Empire. Queen Victoria had been made Empress of India and the British had a major military presence in India. Indian nationals had no say in central government and even at a local level, their influence on policy and decision making was minimal. Their aim was to get a much greater say in the way India was governed.
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An Act to determine the conditions of service of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India and to prescribe his duties and powers and for that matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.SГ©bastien B. 08.06.2021 at 02:25
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