File Name: hospital anxiety and depression scale .zip
The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale HADS is a self-report questionnaire designed to screen anxious and depressive states in patients in non-psychiatric settings. In spite of its large use, no agreement exists in literature on HADS accuracy in case finding. Receiver operating characteristic ROC curves were computed to identify a cut-off for anxious and depressive states in cancer patients.
Anna F. It has become a popular tool, for clinical practice and research: a PubMed search returned papers! The beauty of the HADS score is its simplicity, speed and ease of use.
HADS is a item scale with seven items each for anxiety and depression subscales. Scoring for each item ranges from zero to three. Mean age at presentation was
The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Illness involving the body, mood, and thoughts, that affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one feels about oneself, and the way one thinks about things. A depressive disorder is not the same as a passing blue mood or a sign of personal weakness or a condition that can be wished away. Without treatment, symptoms can last for weeks, months, or years. Appropriate treatment, however, can help most people with depression. Scale HADS is a self-administered measure used to screen for the presence of depression Illness involving the body, mood, and thoughts, that affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one feels about oneself, and the way one thinks about things.
Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale HADS was originally developed by Zigmond and Snaith  and is commonly used by doctors to determine the levels of anxiety and depression that a person is experiencing. The HADS is a fourteen item scale that generates: Seven of the items relate to anxiety and seven relate to depression. Zigmond and Snaith created this outcome measure specifically to avoid reliance on aspects of these conditions that are also common somatic symptoms of illness, for example fatigue and insomnia or hypersomnia. This, it was hoped, would create a tool for the detection of anxiety and depression in people with physical health problems. Each item on the questionnaire is scored from and this means that a person can score between 0 and 21 for either anxiety or depression. A number of researchers have explored HADS data to establish the cut-off points for caseness of anxiety or depression.
Metrics details. This study aimed to translate and test the reliability and validity of the Iranian version of the HADS. The questionnaire was administered to a consecutive sample of breast cancer patients and statistical analysis was performed to test the reliability and validity of the HADS. Cronbach's alpha coefficient to test reliability has been found to be 0. Validity as performed using known groups comparison analysis showed satisfactory results. Both anxiety and depression sub-scales discriminated well between sub-groups of patients differing in clinical status as defined by their disease stage.
Metrics details. There is a need to assess the contribution of mood disorder, especially anxiety and depression, in order to understand the experience of suffering in the setting of medical practice. Most physicians are aware of this aspect of the illness of their patients but many feel incompetent to provide the patient with reliable information.
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Psychological distress is a common problem associated with cancer. The main objective of the present study was to test the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale HADS in a sample of Ethiopian cancer patients and to compare the results with those obtained from a sample in Germany. Only a weak level of measurement invariance was detected between the Ethiopian and the German sample. In the Ethiopian sample, anxiety and depression were associated with tumor stage high levels in stage 4 and treatment high levels for patients not receiving surgery and chemotherapy. The high level of anxiety and depression present in that group indicates a need for psychosocial care. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Data Availability: All relevant data are within the manuscript and its Supporting Information files.
Но одно не давало Фонтейну покоя - то, что Стратмор решил прибегнуть к услугам Халохота. Тот, конечно, был мастером своего дела, но наемник остается наемником. Можно ли ему доверять. А не заберет ли он ключ. Фонтейну нужно было какое-то прикрытие - на всякий случай, - и он принял необходимые меры. ГЛАВА 113 - Ни в коем случае! - крикнул мужчина с короткой стрижкой, глядя в камеру. - У нас приказ.
Tick the box beside the reply that is closest to how you have been feeling in the past week. Don't take too long over you replies: your immediate is best. D. A. D.
Цифровая крепость исчезнет бесследно. Словно ее никогда не. Мы похороним ключ Хейла и станем молиться Богу, чтобы Дэвид нашел копию, которая была у Танкадо. Дэвид, вспомнила Сьюзан. Она заставляла себя не думать о .
- Мне не помешала бы еще одна подушка, если вас это не затруднит. - Нисколько. - Беккер взял подушку с соседней койки и помог Клушару устроиться поудобнее. Старик умиротворенно вздохнул. - Так гораздо лучше… спасибо. - Pas du tout, - отозвался Беккер. - О! - Старик радостно улыбнулся.
До апельсиновых деревьев не меньше ста метров. Никаких шансов. Боль в боку усилилась. Сверху слышался гулкий звук шагов, спешащих вниз по лестнице. Беккер закрыл глаза, стиснул зубы и подтянулся. Камень рвал кожу на запястьях.
АНБ, - подумал. - НБ - это, конечно, не болтай.