deontological and teleological theories of ethics pdf Wednesday, May 26, 2021 9:19:29 AM

Deontological And Teleological Theories Of Ethics Pdf

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One factor we can use to better understand how to apply an ethical theory is to determine whether it is deontological or teleological. Deontological ethics systems rely on our sense of duty to act according to what is right. Therefore, they are very much focussed on whether an action is morally right in and of itself, rather than looking to the consequences, intentions or motives of an action.

This chapter discusses three competing approaches to ethical analysis: consequentialism, deontology, and virtue ethics. It describes the Integrity Approach that combines consequentialist, deontological, and virtue ethics. The chapter concludes by discussing the case IHC Caland to illustrate the inadequacy of applying general ethical theories to the corporate domain.

Deontological ethics , in philosophy , ethical theories that place special emphasis on the relationship between duty and the morality of human actions. In deontological ethics an action is considered morally good because of some characteristic of the action itself, not because the product of the action is good. Deontological ethics holds that at least some acts are morally obligatory regardless of their consequences for human welfare. By contrast, teleological ethics also called consequentialist ethics or consequentialism holds that the basic standard of morality is precisely the value of what an action brings into being. Deontological theories have been termed formalistic, because their central principle lies in the conformity of an action to some rule or law.

Deontological Ethics

Consequentialist vs. There are two broad categories of ethical theories concerning the source of value: consequentialist and non-consequentialist. A consequentialist theory of value judges the rightness or wrongness of an action based on the consequences that action has. A non-consequentialist theory of value judges the rightness or wrongness of an action based on properties intrinsic to the action, not on its consequences. Libertarianism--People should be free to do as they like as long as they respect the freedom of others to do the same. Contractarianism--No policy that causes uncompensated harm on anyone is permitted Pareto safety. Consider these Definitions:.

The word deontology derives from the Greek words for duty deon and science or study of logos. In contemporary moral philosophy, deontology is one of those kinds of normative theories regarding which choices are morally required, forbidden, or permitted. In other words, deontology falls within the domain of moral theories that guide and assess our choices of what we ought to do deontic theories , in contrast to those that guide and assess what kind of person we are and should be aretaic [virtue] theories. And within the domain of moral theories that assess our choices, deontologists—those who subscribe to deontological theories of morality—stand in opposition to consequentialists. Because deontological theories are best understood in contrast to consequentialist ones, a brief look at consequentialism and a survey of the problems with it that motivate its deontological opponents, provides a helpful prelude to taking up deontological theories themselves.

In this terminology , action is more important than the consequences. The term deontological was first used to describe the current, specialised definition by C. Broad in his book, Five Types of Ethical Theory. Depending on the system of deontological ethics under consideration, a moral obligation may arise from an external or internal source, such as a set of rules inherent to the universe ethical naturalism , religious law , or a set of personal or cultural values any of which may be in conflict with personal desires. Immanuel Kant 's theory of ethics is considered deontological for several different reasons. Kant's first argument begins with the premise that the highest good must be both good in itself and good without qualification.

Deontological ethics

Two strands of thought exist in ethics regarding decision-making: deontological and utilitarian. In brief, deontology is patient-centered, whereas utilitarianism is society-centered. Although these approaches contradict each other, each of them has their own substantiating advantages and disadvantages in medical practice. Over years, a trend has been observed from deontological practice to utilitarian approach leading to frustration and discontentment. Health care system and practitioners need to balance both these ethical arms to bring congruity in medical practice. Ethics is a crucial branch in medicine guiding good medical practice.

General Theories of Ethics

Reamer, PhD June In the late s several colleagues and I began our deep dive into the subject of social work ethics. This was an exciting time rich with possibility.

It is concerned with the articulation and the justification of the fundamental principles that govern the issues of how we should live and what we morally ought to do. Its most general concerns are providing an account of moral evaluation and, possibly, articulating a decision procedure to guide moral action. Though both these aims rely on articulating the correct set of moral principles that govern evaluation and that can also be used in articulating a decision procedure or rule, they are not coextensive. Recent critical work, especially on the part of particularists and virtue ethicists, has generated more pressure to separate clearly the two.

Normative Ethics

Modern ethics, especially since the 18th-century German deontological philosophy of Immanuel Kant , has been deeply divided between a form of teleological ethics utilitarianism and deontological theories. Teleological theories differ on the nature of the end that actions ought to promote.

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 - Но будем надеяться, что он этого не узнает. ГЛАВА 76 У подъезда севильского аэропорта стояло такси с работающим на холостом ходу двигателем и включенным счетчиком. Пассажир в очках в тонкой металлической оправе, вглядевшись сквозь стеклянную стену аэровокзала, понял, что прибыл вовремя. Он увидел светловолосую девушку, помогающую Дэвиду Беккеру найти стул и сесть. Беккера, по-видимому, мучила боль.

Девушка засмеялась: - Это же чудо-маркер. Я чуть кожу не содрала, пытаясь его стереть. Да и краска вонючая. Беккер посмотрел внимательнее. В свете ламп дневного света он сумел разглядеть под красноватой припухлостью смутные следы каких-то слов, нацарапанных на ее руке. - Но глаза… твои глаза, - сказал Беккер, чувствуя себя круглым дураком.  - Почему они такие красные.

Теперь он молил Бога, чтобы священник не торопился, ведь как только служба закончится, он будет вынужден встать, хотя бы для того чтобы пропустить соседей по скамье. А в своем пиджаке он обречен. Беккер понимал, что в данный момент ничего не может предпринять. Ему оставалось только стоять на коленях на холодном каменном полу огромного собора. Старик утратил к нему всякий интерес, прихожане встали и запели гимн. Ноги у него свело судорогой. Хорошо бы их вытянуть.

Пуля пролетела мимо в тот миг, когда маленький мотоцикл ожил и рванулся. Беккер изо всех сил цеплялся за жизнь. Мотоцикл, виляя, мчался по газону и, обогнув угол здания, выехал на шоссе.

 Канадец. - Да. Он вызвал скорую. Мы решили уйти. Я не видела смысла впутывать моего спутника, да и самой впутываться в дела, связанные с полицией.

Utilitarian and deontological ethics in medicine


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